Den mentalen und physiologischen Mensch erforschen
Ayurveda magazine

Explore the mental and physiological human

Apr 17, 2021

You, too, have a mental and a physiological type that needs to be explored!

Now we are already with the second part of the series "Introduction to Ayurveda“Arrived. You have been a little over so far Doshas, energies and side effects Experienced. Ayurveda is based on Natural givenness and responds individually to each person. This is holistic medicine and differs significantly from conventional medicine. Ayurvedic medicine aims to restore balance and heal, conventional medicine, on the other hand, works mainly symptom-oriented. Always according to the motto: “If it doesn't hurt anymore, there can't be anything anymore. Everything is OK!" A dangerous fallacy. So that you can recognize your individual mental and physiological type, Ayurveda also needs a kind of categorization, for which the energies and doshas are used. You too can be assigned somewhere there.

One person - three doshas

All three doshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha) - sometimes referred to as states of mind - are found in every single cell of the body, in all tissues and organs. They control all psychobiological functions - biological and psychological processes as well as processes of the mind and consciousness. Our emotions are also subject to their influence. The person stays healthy as long as everything is in individual equilibrium. However, if the innate balance is disturbed and not restored, the disease is not far off. In memory of:
  • Vata: Space (also: ether) and air (physical air principle) - energy of movement
  • Pitta: Fire and water - energy of digestion and metabolism
  • Kapha: Water and earth - stands for structure and strength

The doshas are divided into three main sections according to their age:

Vata, 65 - 110 years

The age stands for late autumn, winter - Vata dosha now prevails. Depending on how much of our vital essences we have already used up, the old age comes more quickly or slowly towards us. Vata attributes:
  • dry
  • light
  • cold
  • subtle
  • cold
  • clear
  • mobile
  • dispersive effect

Pitta, 18-65 years

The middle age corresponds to summer and early autumn. This time is characterized by clear goals that need to be implemented. "Step on the gas, plan, implement, finish" are on the agenda. Pitta attributes:
  • hot
  • sharp
  • light
  • oily
  • liquid
  • stabbing
  • angry
  • Tendency to spread

Kapha, 0-18 years

Childhood and adolescence can be compared to spring. Kapha is the main quality of youth. Here is sown, everything sprouts abundantly and the young person is in the juice. Kapha attributes:
  • heavy
  • slowly
  • cool
  • oily
  • wet
  • gently
  • soft
  • static

Did you know?

Each type of constitution differs in body structure, skin and hair composition, prefers different tastes, speaks differently ... Now you know why you and your sister / brother are so different or why you as a woman may lack the gracefulness of your older sister.

Time to accept yourself for who you are! Ayurveda helps you to understand yourself better and to compensate for health deficits, because NOBODY is perfect!

The importance of the doshas with increasing age

All three doshas are united in every person. Usually, however, one is predominant, while the second is secondary and the third is less outstanding. The respective age is shaped by a certain Dosha, which is easy to understand when reading. Childhood (0-18 years) stands for strong physical growth and structure of the body.

It is the prevailing time of the Kapha. Typical illnesses are coughs, colds and secretions of mucus (affecting the air / breath).

Pitta prevails in adulthood, a period that stands for activity and vitality.

The predominantly degenerative processes of the Vata. This period includes typical disorders such as tremors, emaciation, shortness of breath, memory disorders, arthritis, etc.

Due to the primary, secondary and not very prominent importance of the doshas for every person, a very personal energy pattern results. This is an individual combination of physical, emotional and mental characteristics, which together make up the innate constitution (Prakriti) of an individual. Comparable to a fingerprint, which is just as unique in the world.

In plain language: To stay with the example of the fingerprint, every person has an individual energy pattern. These are forces that are related to one another - consisting of Vata, Pitta and Kapha.

Standing in balance, the doshas let people burst with health (order). Illness (disorder), on the other hand, is characteristic of a disorder. “Balance” does not mean exactly equal proportions of Dosha; The respective age must always be taken into account.

This is typical of Vata, Pitta and Kapha people

Observers - knowledgeable in Ayurveda - can already perceive a person's constitution visually. Some examples of this: Vata-People are always in a hurry and go quickly. Because of their constant activity, it is difficult for them to sit around inactive; it would be a punishment for them.

Vata types, however, have little stamina and quickly exhaust themselves because they expect too much. They are very active sexually.

However, they find it difficult to rest at night, as they often suffer from insomnia or wake up more often at night.

You may still feel well rested in the morning. These are just a few examples of what makes the Vata person.

An Ayurvedic doctor would probably fill an entire page here. The Sanskrit word Vata means its origin according to "to move", with which we get an indication of the unsteady nature of Vata people.

To compensate for too much Vata, you can already take a few measures in daily life:

  • You should dispense:
    • raw or cold food
    • extreme cold
  • This helps you to achieve a comfortable operating temperature:
    • Consumption of warm food and warming spices
    • pay attention to calming down (possibly meditation)
    • regular daily rhythm

You will already notice while reading that the above recommendations oppose the unsteady and cold-sensitive Vata type.

Pitta people can often be recognized by their reddish hair, which can turn gray early or partly / completely say goodbye, which many men can sing a song about.

The sparse remaining hair is often referred to as the "receding hairline". Hands and feet are usually pleasantly warm, but Pitta also tends to sweat easily.

The body odor is often "sulphurous", the heavily sweating feet can possibly be recognized by the strong odor. Sharp and slightly yellow teeth reveal the constitution when smiling.

The deep, mostly uninterrupted sleep is of medium duration. Pitta girls reach puberty early, and menstruation sometimes begins at the tender age of 10. Typical physical complaints include: "Heat".

They are prone to fever, stomach acidity, jaundice, profuse sweating and rashes. They tend to ulcerate, and seem to attract stinging eyes, colitis and hoarseness as a magnet.

A Pitta excess is forms the basis for all inflammatory complaints / diseases. If Pitta people sometimes shine with their intellectual brilliance, they nonetheless tend to have a lust for power.

The mutual comparison up to the idea of competition are characteristic. Here, too, only a few typical properties of the Pitta constitution are listed. The actual range of properties encompasses body, mind and spirit to a large extent. To compensate for too much Pitta - the Sanskrit word for "bile" - a number of simple measures are recommended:

  • You should dispense:
    • excessive heat
    • high oil consumption
    • excessive steam
    • a lot of salt
  • This helps you to stay "cool":
    • Consumption of cooling, moderately spiced food
    • Drinking cool drinks (not ice cold)
    • Exercise during the cooler seasons

What the Kapha people matters

Strong, healthy body with a mostly wide chest, strong muscles and heavy bones. People with a Kapha constitution - dominated by the elements water and earth - gain weight easily and only with difficulty.

This is related to slow digestion and a "tightened" metabolism. They are often overweight and are easy to spot with the knowledgeable eye on the round body. To your own regret, sometimes you gain weight even while fasting, even if you only drink water.

The vitality of the Kapha Dosha and the stamina associated with it are enviable.

The skin - supple, soft, shiny and thick - tends to be oily. Big, dark and attractive eyes, surrounded by intense white, framed by thick eyelashes and eyebrows - let some people melt away. The Kapha type always has an excellent appetite and a lot of thirst, but digestion can still be described as slow.

He does not mind omitting a meal or working without food (in contrast to pitta, whose wearer finds it difficult to concentrate without eating). Kaphas love sweets and pastries - as well as everything salty and oily.

But the tendency to overweight and thus to obesity harbors the risk of numerous diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, stroke and heart attack. Disregarded, the life of those affected can be short-lived. Even the Kapha person can do a lot in everyday life to reduce the excess of this constitution to a healthy level:

  • You should dispense:
    • Dairy products
    • ice cold food and drinks
    • high fat / oily foods
  • This will help you to achieve a healthy balance:
    • Consume light, "dry" food (this does not mean industrial food)
    • adequate physical training
    • become more active overall
    • Routines vary

Your predominant constitution is not inherently wrong or ominous. The perfect dosha balance with exactly the same proportions is reserved for only one type (triple type). Only this triple type (more on that in a moment) should be aimed at. Monotypes or dual types, on the other hand, are better able to bring the excess (Vikriti) to the innate normal level (Prakriti) with the help of suitable measures. All three types (monotypes, dual types and triple type) feel most comfortable and healthiest in their constitution, which is intended from the point of origin, through constellation. Aiming at a certain romantic idea of Dosha combination, on the other hand, makes you sick as well as excess.

20 properties that are essential for healing

In Ayurveda, knowledge of the 20 opposing properties or attributes is indispensable for healing or self-healing. This means that, for example, the term “heat” is contrasted with “cold” - this is the treatment approach that has been successful for thousands of years.

20 basic properties or attributes (10 x 2 opposites):

  1. heavy light
  2. oily dry
  3. stable moveable
  4. slimy rough
  5. gross (subtle) subtle
  6. Cold hot
  7. slow fast (sharp, penetrating)
  8. soft hard
  9. dense liquid
  10. cloudy and clear

In addition to the physical condition, the world around us is also included. An example: The daytime weather causes a light or heavy feeling. It appears liquid or dry, windy and thus mobile or stable, cloudy or clear, hot or cold. Such properties can also relate to food.

Ice cream can be described as heavy, oily, soft, runny and cold. Human skin - sometimes oily or dry, rough or soft. Heavy or light, cloudy or clear - this can also be the mood of the day. Sometimes thinking is slow or sharp. The mind is calm / stable or agitated to hyperactive, sometimes clear or cloudy. Changes have an impact on these properties. Windy, cold, dry and clear weather intensifies the Vata Dosha and thus the cause of colds and other typical Vata complaints (e.g. insomnia, constipation, arthritis). The essence of these sections will say:

  1. Like has a reinforcing effect on like.
  2. Opposites weaken each other.

This healing knowledge is part of the basis of Ayurveda. So the inclined reader gets the Ayurvedic Key to healing in the hand.

Find your very own mental and physiological type

After all this preparatory information, we will continue on a journey of discovery according to your individual mental and physiological type.

According to Ayurveda, the individual doshas can form into seven main body types:

Monotypes = Vata, Pitta, Kapha Dual types = Vata-Pitta, Pitta-Kapha, Kapha-Vata Triple type = Vata-Pitta-Kapha In every age and at every time all three doshas can be found proportionally in every person.

The proportions of each individual are very differently proportioned, which can change with increasing age (see above “The importance of the doshas with increasing age”).

For example, no Vata person is the same as another; Incidentally, this is the case with all types. In total, there are always completely different character traits. If these individual Dosha shares get out of balance, which is characteristic of a certain person, a disease can develop.

The moment of conception is crucial

The already mentioned characteristic balance results from the different snapshots at the time of conception. In other words: the relationship and combination of the doshas depend on the prevailing conditions at the time, such as genetic requirements, the way of life of the future parents and the emotions. The ultimate decision about a child's constitution, however, is made by the parents' dominant doshas during sexual union. A simple example - it will probably elicit a smile - of how the relationship between the doshas is rearranged at conception in the unborn life:

mother: Vata dominates father: Pitta dominates Climate: mild summer evening Food in advance: very spicy You will not consider it possible, but it is to be assumed that in the developing human being constitutionally Pitta (hot, spicy, etc.) will prevail.

Both parents tend towards it KaphaSince sexual union falls in a kapha season and nourishment is also based on this dosha, only a kapha baby can be the result.

Ayurveda sees the happiest people in those who are equipped with perfectly balanced doshas - in equal parts (triple type). You can most likely expect a long life in excellent health.

For most people, however, only one or two doshas (dual types) dominate.

Important to know: You can all - unless you are classified as a triple type - do something to ensure that you too can enjoy a long life in the best of health. In Ayurveda, the aim is to balance the doshas in order to improve and maintain health, but this is not to be equated with exactly three equal proportions. At the same time, “good” is reinforced, which equates to a double treatment approach.

Rather, research your personal constitution, i. H. Your individual relationship between these three forces. Try to restore the constellation (Prakriti) you have been given since conception. Only then will you reach Your personal balance.

The meaning of Praktriti and Vikriti

Prakriti means nothing else than a statement about your natural temperament, i. H. Your specific dosha combination. This basic disposition does not change for a lifetime. You may be dominated by Pitta, while Kapha and Vata take positions 2 and 3 in the combination (or vice versa).

Once again: your personal balance depends on the natural proportions of these three doshas Not from reaching exactly the same proportions. If the circumstances change (weather change, selected food, stress, fatigue, emotional state, etc.), they shift in the system Body & mind also the dosha proportions.

Your health also depends on it. Ayurveda describes these changes of state as Vikriti. It would be perfect if you were in Prakriti - your God-given constitution.

But you probably know the days when you are in Vikriti (current, changed condition) are all too good. The difference between these two results in necessary healing measures which aim to restore Prakriti.

So you can determine your own individual constitution type

A possible orientation for researching your unique constitution is given by the information in the following table from the book "Self-healing with Ayurveda" by Dr. Vasant Lad (p. 32/33):
characteristic Vata please check Vata Pitta please check Pitta Kapha please check Kapha
body length small medium large
Body weight light moderate overweight
skin dark, dry, thin, cold, rough rosy, warm, oily, smooth pale / white, cool, oily, thick
hair brown / dull to black, knot-forming, thin, brittle red / / blond, graying early, smooth, oily, also bald curly, thick, wavy, lots of hair / all colors, oily
teeth large, protruding, wide spaces, gums: thin medium-sized and soft, gums: sensitive white, healthy, gums: robust, insensitive
nose asymmetrical shape with a crooked bridge of the nose pointed and long with a red tip of the nose rounded, short, snub nose
eyes active and restless, small, dry, deep-set color: brown to dark brown bright, sharp, light-sensitive Color: green, gray Eye skin: yellowish-reddish calm, loving, big color: blue
Nails brittle, rough, dry elastic, sharp, pink and shiny smooth, polished, thick, oily
Lips cracked, brittle, rough, dry yellowish, red, inflamed pale / whitish, smooth, oily
Cheeks wrinkled, hollow flat, smooth plump, rounded
neck long, narrow medium wrinkled, thick
chest sunken, flat medium round, broad
belly slim, flat, sunken medium Pointed belly, thick
belly button irregular, small flat, oval pulled apart, big, deep, round
Hips slim, narrow medium wide, heavy
Joints cracking, cold medium slippery, large
appetite small and irregular large to intolerable steady and moderate
digestion irregular, also flatulence fast, also heartburn slowly producing mucus
Taste preferences sour, salty, sweet bitter, sweet, astringent (contracting) piquant, bitter, astringent
thirst differently excessive little
excretion Tendency to constipation Tendency to diarrhea oily, thick, sluggish
Body activity hyperactive medium sitting
mental activity active medium slow and dull
Feelings worried, anxious, insecure, flexible angry, hating, jealous, determined adherent, greedy, calm
Faith changeable / variable intense / fanatical deep, gentle, constant
intellect fast, reaction often inconsistent appropriate response exactly / exactly, slowly
memory Long-term memory: poor. Short-term memory: good sharp, excellent continuously, slowly
dreams a lot, active, fast, anxiety dreams violent (often from violence / war) beautiful, romantic
sleep sleepless, light and interrupted sleep short, good sleep long, deep sleep
Speak indistinct and fast penetrating and clear monotonous and slow
Dealing with finances nonsensical expenses, poor luxury oriented good economy, wealthy


The Dosha that you ticked in the majority is naturally predominant in your constitution. In the order of their frequency, the other two occupy places 2 and 3. Unless you are a dual type or even a triple type. But you already know that. Please check everything again and think carefully.

Important: The above table only provides Clues and can help you learn more about yourself. Use them to adapt your diet, sports activities and other aspects of your life to your constitution. However, your personal fine-tuning is not taken into account. Health disorders that you cannot control yourself should always be diagnosed and treated by a well-trained Ayurvedic doctor.

Use the newly learned knowledge in your favor

You may have learned a little (or a little more) about your constitution. What you have read here so far is not comprehensive. The knowledge of doshas, prakriti, vikriti etc. is in reality much more extensive and detailed. The heading therefore conveys the meaning of this text quite correctly: introduction in Ayurveda!

Do not try to treat serious illnesses yourself, but rather consult a knowledgeable Ayurveda doctorwho can take into account your individual nature and your living conditions - yours very own fine-tuning. Nevertheless, you can already do a lot with the new knowledge:

  • get to know yourself and the basis of your life better
  • Rather understand physical and psychological tendencies
  • Understand your own (and other people's) strengths and weaknesses more conclusively

Maybe now you can ...
... for example, with the knowledge of being a Vata person, look a little at the irregular way of life.
... better understand the irritability of your Pitta constitution.
... ascribe your physical indolence and laziness to your Kapha constitution.

Hopefully, the newly acquired knowledge will make you curious about more. Perhaps it will also help you to better understand the people around you.

You can also redefine your relationships, for example (friends, spouse / life partner). So says Dr. Vasant Lad in his book (quotation p. 44): “Understanding one another leads to clarity, clarity creates compassion and compassion is love.” He concludes that a relationship built on this basis can only be happy, joyful and long-lasting.

Now that you have discovered your physiological and mental type (or that of your partner), you have a kind of yardstick in hand that makes it easier for you to understand and comprehend.

Determine your vakriti (current state, changes, imbalance) and try to achieve prakriti with the help of suitable measures. Make use of the recommendations in this text and use food tables, constitution-appropriate physical exercises (also yoga), herbs, spices, etc. - everything that supports you in your goal. In the Ayurveda Paradise online shop you will find everything that will help you to maintain or achieve your personal Prakriti.

Do not forget under any circumstances - it cannot be mentioned often enough - that the Vata, Pitta and Kapha components of your own balance do not have to be identical, but should correspond to your characteristic proportions assigned from conception on.

Your balance is not static, but dynamic and needs to be found anew every day.

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